Fidel Castro striking his famous pose. Arrested and jailed for opposing an oppressive, US-backed regime, he led a revolution and maintained power in Cuba for 50 years. He survived hundreds of assassination attempts and 9 US presidents.
There always are some benefits to dictatorships, with Castro lowering illiteracy and Hitler fixing the dead German economy, but cost benefit analyses are important to make sure that any negative side effects of the dictatorship were worth the benefits.
Scratchboard and woodcut illustrations by Mitch Frey