Portrait of a Fayum woman. Fayum Mummy portrait is the modern term given to a type of naturalistic painted portraits on wooden boards. The portraits were an innovation dating back to the Coptic period during the time of the Roman occupation of Egypt.
*ANCIENT EGYPT~Roman Period During the 1st to 3rd century AD in Egypt, painted panel portraits (more commonly referred to as Fayoum or Fayum portraits) were bandaged over the heads of mummies. These portraits depict the inhabitants of Greco-Roman ancient Egypt in exacting detail. They were finely executed in encaustic paint on wood or stuccoed linen. Metropolitan Museum of Art