For centuries, the tribal masks of Africa played an important role in the culture of its indigenous communities. Imbued with mysticism, masks were integral to rituals, festivals, initiation ceremonies and secret societies.
Garuda mask, North East Frontier, 17 th C., height 14 in. wood and horn with original stone pigments. The ancient Bon animist bird spirit, Khyung. Subsumed by later Buddhist imagery its shamanic connections are retained by its use of mountain goat horns.