Carol W. Greider – The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2009 was awarded jointly to Elizabeth H. Blackburn, Carol W. Greider and Jack W. Szostak “for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase”.
Rosalyn Sussman Yalow - American medical physicist who was co-recipient of the Nobel Prize in Medicine/Physiology in 1977 for the development of radioimmunoassay. She wanted to go to medical school but she was a woman and Jewish and was advise
Arthur Kornberg, The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for their discovery of the mechanisms in the biological synthesis of ribonucleic acid and deoxyribonucleic acid", biochemistry, genetics, molecular biology
James Dewey Watson, The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for their discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nucleic acids and its significance for information transfer in living material", genetics, molecular biology