Marie Curie was a woman before her time. Born in in Poland, she was a genius in physics and in chemistry; she is the first woman ever to receive a Nobel Prize and the only woman in history to receive two Nobel Prizes. // 10 most famous women in history
Selma Lagerlöf, 1858 - first woman to win the Nobel Prize for literature in author of "one of the most charming children's book in any language: Nils Holgerssons underbara resa genom Sverige [The Wonderful Adventures of Nils].
Irène Joliot-Curie French scientist, the daughter of Marie and Pierre Curie and the wife of Frédéric Joliot-Curie. Jointly with her husband, Joliot-Curie was awarded the Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1935 for their discovery of artificial radioactivity.
Pearl S. Buck - Nobel Prize in Literature 1938 "for her rich and truly epic descriptions of peasant life in China and for her biographical masterpieces" Read her beautifully written book, The Good Earth.
Interesting facts about the Nobel Prize in Literature (infographic)