Since his inception, the character of "Batman" has appeared in various films. With two 1940's serial films and a 1966 film based on the Batman TV series starring Adam West and Burt Ward. In late 1980s, Warner Bros. revived the Batman franchise with "Batman" (1989) and "Batman Returns" (1992). Both directed by Tim Burton starring Michael Keaton. In 1995, Joel Schumacher directed "Batman Forever" starring Val Kilmer. Schumacher also directed "Batman & Robin" (1997), starring George Clooney. Unfortunately, "Batman & Robin" was poorly received by both critics and fans. So, after a long hiatus, Warner Bros. rebooted the film franchise with "Batman Begins" (2005), directed by Christopher Nolan and starring Christian Bale. Nolan and Bale returned with "The Dark Knight" (2008) and "The Dark Knight Rises" (2012). In 2016, Ben Affleck will star as Batman in "Batman vs. Superman".