Trail of Tears
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Native American History
Sacred Tears Monument, Tuscumbia Alabama. One of the points on the Trail of Tears. I can't imagine standing there.....thinking of all the people who died on this Trail....what they had to endure, how they suffered. America has a lot to be ashamed of as far as how the Native Americans were treated.....
Louisiana Indians Walking Along a Bayou by Alfred Boisseau, 1846. "The Trail of Tears is a name given to the forced relocation and movement of Native American nations from southeastern parts of the United States following the Indian Removal Act of 1830. The removal included many members of the Cherokee, Muscogee (Creek), Seminole, Chickasaw, and Choctaw nations, among others in the United States, from their homelands to Indian Territory (eastern sections of the present-day state of Oklahoma).
The Hornet Spooklight near Joplin. According to most accounts it has appeared continually since the late 19th century. Some date the first encounters with the light back to the Trail of Tears in the 1830s. However, the first documented sighting is generally accepted to have occurred in 1881, although some report sightings as far back as 1866. The earliest published report dates back to 1936 in the Kansas City Star.
A historic Black migration often overlooked-the Cherokee Trail of Tears,moving thousands of Cherokees to Indian Territory (OK). 1838-the U.S. military& GA militia expelled Cherokees from their homeland. Families were rousted out of their cabins at gunpoint by soldiers. Forced to leave most of their possessions behind, Cherokees were loaded into stockades until departure & were divided into 13 groups of nearly 1,000 people, each with 2 appointed leaders.
Help me to understand and accept that we are of one body, as each spirit flows, from one to another in a sacred hoop. Let the trails that bore my ancestors blood and tears, and the Chains that bound their freedom serve as reminders to all, of our hate and savagery against one another, and ensure its trust that we as a people choose never to repeat such ignorance.
Native Americans on the Plains Between 1830 and 1870, nearly seventy thousand Native Americans were relocated to Oklahoma from their homes in Georgia and other Southern states. Many had adopted a lifestyle similar to that of their white neighbors. For some, that included enslaving black people. At least ten thousand African Americans walked on the Trail of Tears, and 175 died on the way to an unfamiliar life on the American plains.
The Trail of Tears (1838-39) The path followed by the Cherokees, expelled from their lands in the Southeast; 15,000 were sent overland to Indian Territory (Oklahoma), and more than 4,000 died on the trek. Congress approved the Indian Removal Act of 1830, and by an 1835 treaty - signed under coercion - the Cherokees were given $1-million for their land, and ordered to evacuate by 1837. Suffering and death took a toll, due to sickness, hardship, and exhaustion. The journey turned into a horror.
Indian removal-SO SAD- n 1830, Congress passed the Indian Removal Act, which authorized the president to negotiate treaties that exchanged Native American tribal lands in the eastern states for lands west of the Mississippi River. Its goal was primarily to remove Native Americans, including the Five Civilized Tribes, from the American Southeast; they occupied land that settlers wanted. Thousands of deaths resulted from the relocations, as seen in the Cherokee Trail of Tears.
Oh-Lohah-Wal-Lah - Osage Warrior / All the First Nations east of the Mississippi traveled the Trail of Tears. The Osage were no different. They were removed and settled in Kansas. By the time they negotiated the treaty of 1865, to purchase land in Oklahoma, the Osages had reduced in population by 95%. Only 3000 Osage People walked across the Kansas boarder into their new land.
Statue of Chief Big Foot, a Potawatami Indian chief who was removed with his tribe by the Treaty of Chicago. This statue depicts his last look at Geneva Lake, Wisconsin, the land the tribe had called home for generations/ photo by Terry Mayer
The December 1890 massacre at Wounded Knee (along with a fight the next day at nearby Drexel Mission) marked the last major encounter of the great Plains Indians Wars of the 1800s. The Sioux give up any organized resistance and, for the next 83 years, would stay on their reservations. Later treaties would strip away more lands as poverty and social conditions continued to deteriorate.
The Treaty of New Echota was a treaty signed on December 29, 1835, in New Echota, Georgia by officials of the US government and representatives of a minority Cherokee political faction, the Treaty Party. The treaty established terms under which the entire Cherokee Nation ceded its territory in the southeast and agreed to move west to the Indian Territory. It was amended and ratified by the U.S. Senate in March 1836, and became the legal basis for the forcible removal known as the Trail of Tears.
December 29, 1835: The Cherokee Indian Treaty Party signs the Treaty of New Echota, ceding their lands east of the Mississippi River to the U.S. government. The Cherokees were to receive five million dollars and land in the western Indian Territory. Alabama created the new counties of Cherokee, DeKalb, and Marshall from the ceded land and the Cherokees began their infamous “trail of tears.”