CSF pathways and cisterns. Very good csf flow explanations. Lots of diagrams

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is the clear fluid that surrounds the spinal cord and brain. Faulty CSF flow may play a major role in many neurological diseases and Chiari formations.

Dopamine and serotonin pathways - Nucleus accumbens - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

You have noticed that your baby does not behave like other babies? Early symptoms of autism and early intervention are key factors to the prevention of

Wikipedia.org/ Substantia Nigra-- is a brain structure located in the mesencephalon (midbrain) that plays an important role in reward, addiction, and movement. Substantia nigra is Latin for "black substance", reflecting the fact that parts of the substantia nigra appear darker than neighboring areas due to high levels of neuromelanin in dopaminergic neurons

Parkinson's and PEMF. PEMF assists neurological disorders such as Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s because it stimulates neurons and causes brain cells to return to normal functioning frequencies.

Locations of the substantia nigra and the ventral tegmental area in the midbrain

Locations of the substantia nigra and the ventral tegmental area in the midbrain

Ubiquitin (left panel) and α-synuclein (right panel) staining of the index patient of family DR246 in regions of substantia nigra (A, B), locus coeruleus (C, D), cingulate gyrus (E, F), superior temporal gyrus (G, H), superior parietal lobe (I, J) and hippocampus (K, L) reveal numerous Lewy body inclusions. In (B), an inset shows three intracellular inclusions in tegmentum. Scale bar represents 20 μm.

Ubiquitin (left panel) and α-synuclein (right panel) staining of the index patient of family DR246 in regions of substantia nigra (A, B), locus coeruleus (C, D), cingulate gyrus (E, F), superior temporal gyrus (G, H), superior parietal lobe (I, J) and hippocampus (K, L) reveal numerous Lewy body inclusions. In (B), an inset shows three intracellular inclusions in tegmentum. Scale bar represents 20 μm.

Parkinson's disease becomes apparent only after substantial loss (>60%) of the dopamine neurons in the substantia nigra. By this time there has already been widespread neural inclusion formation in the peripheral and central nervous system of patients with the disease, although this has only been recognized more recently. Degeneration in these widespread regions of the peripheral and central nervous system is now known to impact on disease symptoms, progression and treatment over time.

Parkinson's disease becomes apparent only after substantial loss (>60%) of the dopamine neurons in the substantia nigra. By this time there has already been widespread neural inclusion formation in the peripheral and central nervous system of patients with the disease, although this has only been recognized more recently. Degeneration in these widespread regions of the peripheral and central nervous system is now known to impact on disease symptoms, progression and treatment over time.

What Causes PD? A small area in the brain stem called the substantia nigra controls movement. In Parkinson's disease, cells in the substantia nigra stop producing dopamine, a chemical that helps nerve cells communicate. As these dopamine-producing cells die, the brain does not receive the necessary messages about how and when to move.

Slideshow: A Visual Guide to Parkinson's Disease

Parkinson's disease is a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system mainly affecting the motor system.

Smell & Your Brain Survey. Early detection of Parkinson's is crucial to understanding the causes of and developing better treatments for Parkinson’s disease (PD).  Must read, I lost sense of smell with my TBI.

Smell & Your Brain Survey

Smell & Your Brain Survey. Early detection of Parkinson's is crucial to understanding the causes of and developing better treatments for Parkinson’s disease (PD). Must read, I lost sense of smell with my TBI.

Read this?  Birth, Life and Death of Dopaminergic Neurons in the Substantia Nigra - http://www.buypdfbooks.com/shop/medicine/birth-life-and-death-of-dopaminergic-neurons-in-the-substantia-nigra/ #EspositoEnnioDiGiovanniGiuseppeDiMatteoVincenzo, #Medicine, #SpringerVienna

Birth, Life and Death of Dopaminergic Neurons in the Substantia Nigra - Buy PDF Books

MRI Technique Could Help Track How Parkinson’s Patients Respond to Treatment: Image: MIT neuroscientists imaged the substantia nigra in a young adult, left, an older adult, center, and a Parkinson’s patient, right. They found that the substantia nigra deteriorates in Parkinson’s patients (Photo courtesy of David Ziegler).

Scientists image brain structures that deteriorate in Parkinson’s - New MRI technique could help doctors track how patients respond to treatment.

Figure 3. Comparison of acoustically-induced firing changes in the substantia nigra reticulata (SNr) in GEPR-9s as compared to normal Sprague-Dawley rats.

Figure Comparison of acoustically-induced firing changes in the substantia nigra reticulata (SNr) in as compared to normal Sprague-Dawley rats.

Peter Wu | Substantia Nigra (Figure 1), 2013 | Air-dry clay, India ink, mounted on linen and wood

Peter Wu - Substantia Nigra (Figure 2013 - Air-dry clay, India ink, mounted on linen and wood

Location of Substantia nigra

Function and Location of Substantia Nigra: A Diagrammatic Explanation

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