'Osborne Perry Anderson was an African-American abolitionist and the only surviving African-American member of John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry, and later a soldier in the Union army of the American Civil War.
[Harlem Renaissance] Alain Locke was an American writer, philosopher, educator, and patron of the arts. He is best known for his writings on and about the Harlem Renaissance. He is regarded as the "Father of the Harlem Renaissance".
Crispus Attucks (c. 1723 – March was an American slave, merchant seaman and dockworker of Wampanoag and African descent. He was the first person shot and killed by British redcoats during the Boston Massacre, in Boston, Massachusetts.
William Henry Lewis November 1911 William Henry Lewis was appointed assistant attorney general of the United States by President William Howard Taft, making him the first Black appointed to a sub-cabinet post.
Asa Philip Randolph (April 1889 – May was a prominent twentieth century African-American civil rights leader and founder of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, which was a huge victory for labor and especially for African-American labor organizing.