American Red Cross Nurse’s Uniform, 1917-1918. Cotton dress and apron. The Red Cross issued guidelines for uniforms, but each volunteer was responsible for providing her own. Inevitably, variations resulted. This example has a collar and cuffs of the same fabric as the dress, instead of prescribed white ones. Some nurses found the uniform "exceedingly ugly"! It was designed by a man who believed that women working in the hospitals were a menace to the men patients. Via DAR Museum.