One of the most common questions we get at all turtles is how can you tell if your turtle is a male or female. You can tell the difference of a male and female water turtle thanks to some key features. Water turtles are dimorphic which is why the females will be significantly larger than the males. First of look at the front legs and the size of their nails. On males the nails are quite long which surprisingly are also used to tickle the necks of the females when they are courting.
As a softshell turtle, the Indian peacock softshell turtle has a leathery shell that is soft to touch. The Indian peacock softshell turtle isn’t usually kept as pets, however, on very rare occasions, you may come across a pet peacock softshell turtles. In their native India, while they are illegal to keep, however, several Indian peacock softshell turtles are maintained in temple tanks and ponds.
The pig-nosed turtle is known by many names such as the Fly River turtle and pitted shell turtle. Their species spans back to 70 million years before the extinction of dinosaurs, making them utterly ancient. They are also the last survivors of their family, which makes them highly exotic.
Central American Wood Turtle (Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima manni) is a turtle species of which a number of species and subspecies come from Central America, with a distribution range from Mexico to Northern Ecuador and Northern Brazil. It lives on the savannahs, in forests and on riverbanks.
The big headed turtle is akin to the Platysternidae family and native to Southeast Asia and Southern China. As obvious by its name, it’s famous for its large head. When translated from Greek, its name suggests that it has a big head and a flat chest.
The mata-mata is an interesting-looking freshwater turtle endemic to South America. It can specifically be found in the Amazon and Orinoco basins. While not as popular as several other freshwater turtles, such as red-eared sliders, this turtle is fancied by many turtle enthusiasts for its unique appearance and interesting mannerisms.
There are eight turtles in Panama. These include five sea turtles and three freshwater turtles. The sea turtles in Panama include the hawksbill sea turtle, the green turtle, the leatherback sea turtle, the loggerhead sea turtle, the Olive Ridley sea turtle.
The Florida Softshell Turtle is a species of softshell turtle native to the eastern United States, primarily in the state of Florida. It is the largest of the New World softshell turtles (which are all believed to have originated in the Old World).
As the attractive southern painted turtle is common, they are quite easy to find. When getting a southern painted turtle, it is best to get captive-bred. Wild turtles may be infested with parasites. Also, wild turtles may find it difficult to adapt to captive life
The midland painted turtle is among the best turtles for a novice as they are active, hardy, and easy to care for. These attractive little turtles are but one subspecies of the painted turtle. Other subspecies include the eastern painted turtle, the southern painted turtle, and the western painted turtle.
The black softshell turtle is a species on the verge of extinction. Existing populations of this species are limited to an artificial pond in the Bayazid Bastami shrine at Chittagong, and possibly three other locations (Assam, Kaziranga, and Jia Bhoroli River – Brahmaputra).
Native to East Asia, the Chinese Softshell Turtle (Pelodiscus sinensis) is an exotic-looking turtle with leathery shells and a snorkel-like nose. These aquatic turtles can grow up to 10-13 inches (shell length), and the males are usually smaller than the females but not by much.
The eastern snake-necked turtle is a popular turtle species kept as pets especially in Australia where the species is endemic to. This fascinating and peculiar looking turtle can grow up to a foot in carapace length and has a long winding neck (which gives this species their common name). While they are friendly, gentle, calm and interactive with people, they can be a challenging pet to care for and require much attention.
The Texas map turtle is one of the more popular turtle species kept as pets. They are quite easy to breed and make excellent turtles for beginners. As strong swimmers, the Texas map turtle needs an aquatic setup and a platform to bask on. As their name suggests, they are endemic to Texas and are a map turtle species. As with other map turtles, the Texas map turtle has a keeled and serrated shell.
The Ouachita map turtle is one of the less popular map turtles. However, these turtles are easy to care for and have needs which are quite similar to other North American turtles. They are hardy and lively. This turtle also has the contour lines which gives it its common name. In terms of size, the Ouachita map turtle is medium to large. They belong to the family Emydidae and make excellent first pets.