Master and Commander
'HMS Victory' 100-gun ship--The masterpiece of the great designer Sir Thomas Slade, Nelson’s flagship was far from new at the Battle of Trafalgar, having begun building in 1759. Preserved in dry-dock at Portsmouth Royal Dockyard since 1922, and immaculately restored in recent years, Victory today appears as she was in 1805.
Dr Stephen Maturin, the ship's surgeon in Patrick O'Brian's Master & Commander series is, to my mind, one of the best doctors in fiction ever created. The character is imbued with the author's deep knowledge of Sir Joseph Banks while instilled with knowledge gleaned from diaries of ship's surgeons. The diaries are held in the Greenwich Library.
Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World - Allan opened his eyes to find a group of strange faces staring down at him, and a horrible pain in his head. Where in the world was he? (Time travel? Press ganged? Survivor of pirate attack? Rich young dandy whose father payed a captain to kidnap his son to teach him a lesson? Or young heir to a fortune whose twin brother had him kidnapped; and since they are nearly impossible to tell apart...)